9-12 Grade Course Listings
9th through12th Grade Courses
GRADE 10 GRADE 11 GRADE 12
- English 12
- Participation in Government
- Applied Economics
- Math 11, Math 12 or Calculus I and Calculus II
- Advanced Keyboarding and Business
- Administration / Business Communication
- Preparation for Life
- Physical Education
- College Courses - Pending Qualification
- Chemistry/Integrated Science/Local Physics
English 9 is taught according to the New York State syllabus for Language Arts. The curriculum is
designed to ensure that language (listening, speaking, composition, reading, and literature) is substantial
components of an integrated language arts program. Novels, plays, short stories, non-fiction and poetry will
all be studied. The focus of instruction in grade nine includes (but is not limited to) the following: elements
of literature, gathering and organizing information (note taking, research, outlining), sentence and paragraph
construction, proofreading, reading for enjoyment, reading for information (SQ3R, textbooks, nonfiction),
speaking--especially preparation and panel discussions, spelling and vocabulary--coordinated with
literature, responding to literature, comparisons and analysis.
English 10 is taught according to the New York State syllabus for Language Arts. The
curriculum is designed to ensure that language (listening, speaking, composition, reading, and literature)
is a substantial component of an integrated language arts program. Literature is studied in detail with
emphasis on analysis and comparison. The focus of instruction in grade ten includes (but is not limited
to) the following: critical analysis of literature, spelling and vocabulary--coordinated with literature,
writing--the final edited product, formal essays and compositions, research techniques--footnotes and
proper MA style, speaking and listening skills, literature terms and references.
Tenth graders need to have intense vocabulary and writing instruction to best prepare for the
Regents exam and college entrance exams usually given in eleventh grade.\
English 11 is designed to encourage students to continually improve their skills in reading,
writing, speaking and listening. There is also emphasis on preparing for the ELA and SAT exams.
Literature includes a range from early American classics such as The Scarlet Letter, to more modern
works such as 1984. Journal writing is a part of the everyday class routine and students are required to
present at least one speech.
English 12 is an integrated language arts course ranging in units of study from creative writing to
film analysis. Students will also experience literature from Shakespeare, Shelley, Salinger, and Shaw.
Students will be working on their Senior Thesis, a major research project integrating government and
English. The class is writing intensive with only unit testing. Students will not focus on only one genre,
they will experience many. The final exam is cumulative.
Global Studies I
The 9th grade Social Studies course deals with several aspects of the social sciences. The
histories of this region are factors, which tie these studies together. The kinds of study dealt with
include anthropology, sociology, geography, economics, and political science.
The course program is regional in orientation. We begin our studies in the Middle East and
North Africa and then move to Africa, South of the Sahara. These two regions usually take about 20
weeks. The second half of the course deals with Asia. The first area of study is India-Pakistan then,
China there is Japan and finally South East Asia.
The course program demands that the student have reading ability and a command of the English
language when he writes. We do several projects and mini-studies in this ninth grade course.
Global Studies II
This course is a continuation of Global Studies I. Together these two courses constitute a twoyear
study of world history finishing with a State Regents in June. Global Studies II picks up at the time
of the Industrial Revolution and chronologically goes forward until the present Information Computer
Revolution. This program includes eight (8) major themes and five (5) major concepts as set by the
Regents standards of New York State.
A chronological study of American history from 1760 to the present with emphasis on the
1. The U.S. Constitution
2. Sectionalism and the Civil War Era
4. American Foreign Policy
5. The Great Depression and the New Deal
6. World War II
6. The Cold War Era
8. Present day and current events
This course is intended to give students a better understanding of the American political system
with emphasis on the following areas:
1. Principles of the Constitution
2. The Legislative Branch
3. The Executive Branch
4. The Judicial Branch
5. State and Local Government
This course is intended as an introduction to the study of economics. The course will cover both
microeconomic topics such as supply and demand, and macroeconomic topics such as the role of the
government in the economy.
This course is designed to be taught in 1 year, culminating with a NYS Regents exam in June.
The course covers Algebra, and its applications to Geometry, Graphing, and Trigonometry.
This course is designed to spread the 1 year Integrated Algebra course out over 2 years with the
completion being Integrated Algebra-2. This course is set at a slightly slower pace, to reinforce
learning, for students that may need the extra emphasis to comprehend the mathematical concepts.
The course emphasis of geometry is proof. Geometry is developed as a postulate system of
reasoning beginning with definitions, postulates, and the laws of reasoning. Students learn to apply the
laws of logic to the deductive proof in geometry.
The general plan calls for four (4) ten-week sessions with the content being extensive enough to
allow a student that completes this course to take the second and third semesters of the Math B course
and take the Math B regents exam.
This ten-week block will consist of algebra topics. We’ll cover basic equations right through to
solving complex rational expressions. Also in this block would be a brief discussion of fields, groups,
and binary operations; as well as an overview of the various set notations. Imbedded within the
curriculum would be various opportunities for real life problem solving that will include business
applications and home finance applications.
A second ten-week block will be an in depth discussion of geometry. Included is an introduction
into proving geometric concepts and proving coordinate geometry as well. We will also discuss the
importance of geometry in architecture and engineering. A major grade in this block will be a project
and presentation concerning the importance of geometry in architecture and engineering.
The third ten-week block will be a study of trigonometric functions, from basic right triangle trig
to solving trigonometric equations. This part of the course will prove to be the most challenging for the
students. We’ll graph trig functions and work on simple trig identities. If time allows we will discuss
the use of trig in surveying and actually do some hands on surveying.
The fourth ten-week session will be a variety of topics. We will discuss probability and statistics
concluding with standard deviation. We will work through some basic logarithms and save time for
showing the importance of math in the various science fields, with an emphasis on physics.
The main intent of this course is to give students a high-level math course that will prepare them
for their first college level course. A certain level of flexibility will be given in order to insure that all
students will be able to reach a basic level of understanding as well as be challenged. Students will have
a good, positive experience in math before moving on to college or the workforce.
College Calculus I (MA 162)
The first semester of a year sequence in differential and integral calculus including elements of
analytic geometry. Basic theory and physical applications are covered concurrently. Topics include the
derivatives, considered both algebraically and graphically, and as applied to velocity and acceleration;
differentials and their use for approximations, the indefinite and definite integrations. (Four (4) credit
hours per semester.)
College Calculus II (MA 162)
The second semester of a year sequence in differential and integral calculus including elements
of analytic geometry. Basic theory and physical applications are covered concurrently. Topics include
the derivatives considered both algebraically and graphically; the calculus of conic, trigonometric,
logarithmic, exponential and hyperbolic functions; techniques of integration; infinite series. (Four (4)
credit hours per semester.) Prerequisite: Calculus I.
Earth Science studies the fundamentals of science and their applications to better understand our
planet. One of the requirements of this course is that the student shall have successfully completed at
least 30 periods of laboratory work, and shall have a written report verifying this work.
Areas of study include:
1. Investigating Process of Change
2. The Earth Model
3. The Earth's Energy Budget
4. The Rock Cycle
5. The History of the Earth
Biology/The Living Environment
The focus of this course is to develop student's understanding of the structures and functions of
living things and their ecological relationships. Through hands-on laboratory experiences, as well as
lectures and cooperative group instruction, students will apply content to everyday situations. All
students will be expected to participate in labs, and must successfully complete a minimum of thirty to
take the Regents Examination. Review classes will be offered for the Regents during May and June.
All students are strongly encouraged to attend these as well.
The Regents chemistry course is designed as an introductory course for students who are average
or above average in ability, and who probably will be taking more chemistry courses in the future.
Students are provided with principles basic to man’s understanding of his environment. This course
provides students with the unifying principles of chemistry, together with related facts.
Lab experiences are designed to encourage students to search for relationships. By stressing
analysis of quantitative laboratory exercises, concepts of precision and accuracy are strengthened.
Placement in this course is based on an 85 or better final average in Math A and/or teacher
In this course students will explore real-life applications of science and math. Through
coursework and hands on lab experiments, students will gain a knowledge of the method of scientific
inquiry, math review as applied to science investigations, basic introductions to inorganic chemistry,
nuclear chemistry, environmental science, and forensic science. Students will realize that science is all
around us and essential to all aspects of daily life.
Physics is a local course for students that plan a career in any field of science. It is also available
for students that would like to enrich their understanding of the physical world.
Units of study include:
1. Measurement and Mathematic
4. Electricity and Magnetism
6. Modern Physics
This course meets five times a week with laboratory experiences integrated into the class.
Emphasis will be on application concepts through the use of mathematical relationships. A local final
exam is given at the end of the course.
At the Spanish I level, students will continue in their study of Hispanic culture, as well as basic
skill in communication in the Spanish language. The textbook series now being used in Spanish III, and
Spanish IIIA and Spanish IIIB is: Ven Conmigo. There will be much individual, small group, and class
participation orally in Spanish, along with written work, tests, midterm and final exam. Spanish I is a
prerequisite for Spanish 2.
This class will further develop the above mentioned skills on a more advanced level, including a
majority of the remaining grammar to be taught. These students will also have weekly tests, a mid-term,
and final exam. Spanish II is the prerequisite for Spanish IIIA.
Spanish IIIA and Spanish IIIB (or college credit Spanish)
Spanish IIIA is a one-semester class ending in January with the state regents exam. To prepare
for this exam, Spanish IIIA students will engage in much longer conversations in Spanish than in
previous years, will be reading more extensively, writing compositions and letters, and listening to
longer oral passages being read to them with comprehension. Spanish IIIA is a prerequisite for Spanish
IIIB or the college credit class #207, called Intermediate Spanish of Corning Community College,
beginning at the end of January. This second semester class must be completed in order to receive the
full three college credits in Spanish. Fifty dollars tuition is required by those students electing to take
this course for college credit. The second semester will be offered in the fall semester of the following
year. This entire course will consist of completing the college textbook entitled Conversacion y Repaso,
meeting the requirements of the course outline, including unit tests, graded conversations in Spanish,
and final exams for each three credit semester.
Students receive one high school credit for each successfully completed course, except Spanish8.
Preparation for Life (PFL)
Preparation for Life is a required course for seniors. The purpose of the course is to help
students get ready for life beyond high school. Many guest speakers and teachers help introduce the
following units of study: study habits and college living, single survival, consumerism, employment and
career awareness, financial planning, legal rights and responsibilities, income taxes, housing, marriage
and divorce, insurance, ethics and death and dying.
The purpose of this course is designed to provide the student with the opportunity for physical,
social, and mental development. Physical Education is a required course, unless, the student is excused
for medical reasons by a doctor. All students are required to dress and shower for physical education.
While some of the physical activities are separated for boys and girls, activities such as volleyball, table
tennis, badminton, tennis, softball and gymnastics are coeducational. In the physical education program
students will be taking part in various games, individual and team sports, perceptual motor skills,
gymnastics, rope climbing, lifetime sports activities, etc. Some of the games and activities are soccer,
speedball, touch football, basketball, volleyball, floor hockey, softball, track, etc. In the fall, students
are given the New York State Physical Fitness Screening Test, to help determine his or her degree of
In accordance with commissioner’s Regulation Section 135.4 (c) “all (secondary) students shall
participate in the physical education program either (a) a minimum of three periods per calendar week
during one semester of each school year and two periods during the other semester”... or (c) for pupils in
grades 10 through 12 only, a comparable time each semester in extra class programs for those pupils
who have demonstrated acceptable levels of physical fitness, physical skills, and knowledge of physical
In short, under our program we allow our student athletes in grade 10 through 12 to opt-out of
physical education class for the time in which they participate in a varsity sport. The purposes of
opting-out of physical education are:
a. To reduce physical education class sizes on the high school level.
b. To allow instruction to be given by the professional staff in a more efficient manner to those
students who elect not to participate in a varsity sport.
c. To free-up time in the school day for students who have overloaded schedules to do
homework, research or other curriculum related matters.
d. To serve as an incentive for participation in the varsity sport program.
e. To serve as an incentive to achieve proper academic standing.
With approval from the Director of Guidance and with signed permission from the student
athlete’s parent, the student athlete will be excused from physical education classes for the duration of
the sports season or for the corresponding semester should the minimum physical education instruction
time be met through participation in the varsity sport.
Should the student be released from the team for any reason or should a student’s name be on the
weekly ineligibility list twice during the time for which they have a waiver he/she will be immediately
enrolled in physical education classes for the duration of that sports season, as well as being removed
from the sporting team.
The business world today is changing at a record pace. All business organizations are seeking
employees capable of making perceptive decisions based on a rapid flow of information. Students in
BA/BCA will receive an understanding of how businesses operate from a management perspective.
They will learn how businesses use the computer to gather and analyze information to aid in their
decision making process. Students will utilize various computer applications throughout the course
including spreadsheets, databases, PowerPoint, and advanced word processing. Through activities and
projects they will develop a business plan, which will address the five universal activities of all
This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of basic accounting principles
and procedures utilized by businesses that operate in the private enterprise economy of the United
States. We will begin with the basic accounting equation and work through the nine steps in an
accounting cycle. Through homework and application activities you will apply these steps to a business
organized as a sole proprietorship, and also a merchandising business organized as a corporation.
Grades 10-12. Twenty for forty weeks for half credit each. Art history is a study of art from
cave painting to contemporary art. A must for all Art majors particularly those planning to go to art
school. History buffs would love this course, supplemented with slides, trips, artists, speakers,
demonstrators, etc. This course requires a great deal of note taking and seeing visuals. Tests are given
with a final project.